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Notation: unpitched, Paleo-Frankish
Date: 820 > < 848 [?]
Early Date820-848 [?]
Location: München (Munich, Germany), Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Siglum: 9543 f. 199 verso
Incipit: "Alleluia, Christus resurgens"
Description: Beginning of the prosula 'Psalle modulamina'.
Remarks: Probably the earliest example of Western neume notation that has survived.
Photographic credit: Harmut Möller and Rudolph Stephan (eds.), Die Musik des Mittelalters, (Laaber, 1991), p. 190.
Bibliography:
Bernhard Bischoff, "Die südostdeutschen Schreibschulen und Bibliotheken in der Karolingerzeit," 1, Die bayerischen Diözesen, 3rd ed. (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1974), 204.
Bernhard Bischoff, "Kalligraphie in Bayern: Achtes bis zwölftes Jahrhundert," Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Ausstellungskataloge 25 (Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 1981), 13 (page reproduced as facsimile no. 3, p. 47).
Solange Corbin, Die Neumen, (Cologne: Arno Volk-Verlag; Hans Gerig KG, 1977), 29 and 46.
Hartmut Möller, "Die Prosula 'Psalle modulamina' (MÜ 9543) und ihre musikhistorische Bedeutung," in La tradizione dei tropi liturgici, ed. Claudio Leonardi and Enrico Menestò, Biblioteca del "Centro per il collegamento degli studi medievali e umanistici nell'Università di Perugia" 3 (Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi sull'Alto Medioevo, 1990), 279-96 (page reproduced as plate no. 3, facing p. 296).


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MS Bayerische-Staatsbibliothek 9543, f. 199v

Figure 1. Original black-and-white image.
MS Bayerische-Staatsbibliothek 9543, f. 199v, colorized

Figure 2. Computer color-enhanced image.
See, the NEUMES Project website.
Copyright © 2004, Louis W. G. Barton. Copyright © 2006, The University of Oxford.